Gynecomastia / Male Breast Reduction Surgery
Gynecomastia is a condition that causes swelling in the breast tissues of men. Imbalances of testosterone and estrogen hormones in a male’s body is the most common reason of Gynecomastia. Both hormones are present in the male body. Testosterone and estrogen are the hormones that promote sexual growth in males and females respectively.
Many things can affect hormonal balances including puberty or old age, obesity, problems with other organs or use of certain medications. When testosterone levels decrease, estrogen levels might stay relatively high. This imbalance might cause breast tissues of men to swell and get bigger, known as Gynecomastia. Swollen breast tissues create a feminine chest and may cause low self esteem as well as physical discomfort discomfort.
Before the Surgery
The surgeon will evaluate the overall health and medical history of the patient. Certain medications the patient is using might be changed with other alternatives prior to surgery. The surgeon and the patient will discuss about the desired outcome in order to achieve a satisfying result. The procedure, possible outcomes and options will be explained to the patient.
During the Surgery
If the condition is caused by excessive fat tissue in the breast, the surgeon can use liposuction to remove it. With modern technologies and techniques of a skilled surgeon, liposuction can be a less invasive way with efficient results.
If the case is more complex, such as a hormonal imbalance, the surgeon may extract the excessive tissues from the breasts through incisions. Patients with sagging breasts generally require this method. Surgery allows the surgeon to extract greater amounts of tissue and skin comparing to liposuction. The location and size of incisions vary depending on the patients physical features, The surgeon carefully places the incisions so when they heal the scars can’t be seen easily.
Patients notice a significant change in the size and shape of the breasts immediately. Some soreness and pain may occur in the first days. Pain medications may be prescribed if needed. A compression garment may be given to promote the healing process and to protect the area. It is recommended to avoid heavy physical work for the first week. Patients can get back to work in around 7 days if their jobs are not physically demanding.